The five Cs of Arizona—copper, cattle, cotton, citrus, and climate—formed the basis of the state’s livelihood and a readymade roster of subjects for films. With an eye on the developing national appetite for all things western, Charles and Lucile Herbert founded Western Ways Features in 1936 to document the landscape, regional development, and diverse cultures of Arizona, the U.S. Southwest, and northern Mexico.
Celluloid Pueblo tells the story of Western Ways Features and its role in the invention of the Southwest of the imagination. Active during a thirty-year period of profound growth and transformation, the Herberts created a dynamic visual record of the region, and their archival films now serve as a time capsule of the Sunbelt in the mid-twentieth century. Drawing upon a ten-year career with Fox, Western Ways owner-operator Charles Herbert brought a newshound’s sensibility and acute skill at in-camera editing to his southwestern subjects. The Western Ways films provided counter narratives to Hollywood representations of the West and established the regional identity of Tucson and the borderlands.
Jennifer L. Jenkins’s broad-sweeping book examines the Herberts’ work on some of the first sound films in the Arizona borderlands and their ongoing promotion of the Southwest. The book covers the filmic representation of Native and Mexican lifeways, Anglo ranching and leisure, Mexican missions and tourism, and postwar borderlands prosperity and progressivism. The story of Western Ways closely follows the boom-and-bust arc of the midcentury Southwest and the constantly evolving representations of an exotic—but safe and domesticated—frontier.
“[This] critical examination of the Western Ways films illustrates how one independent filmmaker reinforced and challenged the dominant images of the Southwest produced by Hollywood, and romanticized art and representations that promoted the region for commerce.”—Mark Neumann, co-author of Recording Culture: Audio Documentary and the Ethnographic Experience
Jennifer L. Jenkins teaches in both the English department and the School of Information at the University of Arizona. Her work has appeared in the journals ESQ, the Henry James Review, Twentieth-Century Literature, Journal of Popular Culture, and The Moving Image. She has curated the Puro Mexicano Tucson Film Festival.
Celluloid Pueblo: Western Ways Films and the Invention of the Postwar Southwest
By Jennifer L. Jenkins
Publication Date: October 18, 2016
ISBN 978-0-8165-0265-3, $45 cloth; Electronic edition available
248 pages, 6 x 9
Press release by the University of Arizona Press.